Saturday, February 25, 2017

Mr. Boott's Irish Gardener

Kirk Boott's Home (Mill and Mansion)
When Kirk Boot was given the task of managing the new mill town being built on the Merrimack, he was leaving behind the family mansion in Boston and the life of the socially elite to which he was accustomed.  Back in Boston, the Boot’s were well known for their mansion on Bowdoin Street and its fine art and architecture.  The family was also known for its beautiful gardens, greenhouses, and especially for their roses.  So it was providential in 1822 that when Mr. Boott was building his Greek-Revival mansion in East Chelmsford, soon to be Lowell, he would include space for the cultivated lawns and landscaping to which he was accustomed.  His blueprint for the construction of the Merrimack Manufacturing Company would include a landscaped entrance area to the mill along with plants and flowers placed between the different buildings.
 To achieve that end Mr. Boott brought John Green up from Boston to serve as his gardener and steward.  History does not tell us how the two men met.  Perhaps he worked for the Boott family in Boston?  John Green was born in Aughavading, Co. Leitrim in 1798.  He arrived in Boston in 1823 living there for a short time before settling in Lowell.  Green’s name appears in several histories of Lowell being listed as one of the prominent Irishmen of the period.  His first mention in Lowell was paying the poll tax in 1826.  His occupation was regularly listed in the Town/City Directories as gardener working at Boott’s.  After his death his son, John J Green, reminisced about his father being the superintendent of landscaping at the Merrimack and being part of the planning of the North Common.
When Mr. Boott died unexpectedly in 1837, Green continued working as a gardener at the 
Lowell Map, 1850
 “Company farm.”   In Boott’s will, he bequeathed Green $72 in wages, a very hefty sum for a gardener.  Later Green was listed as “botanic physician.”  He became a US citizen and started acquiring property.  He moved into a new home on the corner of Willie and Cross Streets where he lived for the remainder of his days.  The 1850 census showed he owned $10,000 in real estate.  Few Irishmen of this period had such holdings.  By the time he reached the age of 60, John Green considered himself a “gentleman.”  One can imagine him in his garden on Willie Street, pruning and weeding.  Then he would stroll through the North Common making his way to Saint Patrick’s Church for Mass.  His niece, Anne Flynn, moved into the home to act as his nurse.  Upon his death he recognized her help by granting her a small stipend.  His will divided his properties among his survivors, but his final hope was that the family would remain together and share the holdings.  In 1866 he joined his fellow Irish pioneers in Yard One of St. Patrick Cemetery.  His brief obituary, obituaries not even being common practice at the time, testified to his fine character and reiterated the bond he had with Mr. Boott almost 30 years previous.   He left Ireland a poor man, but died wealthy in more ways than one.

His son, John J Green, was a member of the Lowell chapter of the Irish American Historical Society, which attempted to preserve the Irish history of Lowell.  Unfortunately none of the minutes of the group survive today that recorded the actual recollections of those early Irish pioneers.  In 1921 John J Green tried to persuade the city to memorialize the walk of Hugh Cummiskey and the first Irish laborers with parades, lectures, church services, and the erection of a suitable monument on the North Common. 

Not many people offer comments to this site.  Sometimes I think I'm writing for the cloud.  But I have an idea.  2022 will be the 200th anniversary of Cummiskey's walk.  How about we recreate the walk!  We'll work out  a route between Charlestown and Lowell and folks can sign up to walk a mile or 2 of the path!  Maybe we could finish with a group walk into Lowell from Belvidere?  Maybe we could put up that memorial they never got around to doing back in 1922?
Like John J Green, George O’Dwyer (author of Irish Catholic Genesis of Lowell), and others, the Irish Cultural Committee of St. Patrick Parish tries to preserve Lowell’s Irish past.  Please join us this March as we present the 38th annual Irish Cultural Week.!/LowellIrish


  1. I read and appreciate your blog! I have Irish and French-Canadian ancestors who lived in the Lowell and Chelmsford areas! I live in California and don't know the Lowell area very well. Your posts help me to understand what life was like when they were living there. Thank you!!

  2. Dave, I'm totally on board with this. In fact, given that we have some time to think about plans for this proposed walk, I think there may be an opportunity to not only raise awareness about Hugh Cummiskey and his fellow Irish laborers, but potentially use the walk/event as a joint fundraiser to benefit Irish Cultural Week, the Ancient Order of Hibernians and the Ladies Ancient Order of Hibernians. Would love to talk more about this.

    1. I think it is a date we should celebrate. It's exactly 25 mi from Charlestown to Lowell!

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  4. Hi Dave,

    My name is Ryan Green. I’m conducting research and working on a genealogy of the Green family in Lowell.

    Through both traditional genealogy and DNA testing I’ve learned that many of the Greens of Lowell, including John, originally had the surname of Greenan back in County Leitrim. They can be found in the Irish Tithe Applotment records living in “Aughavadden” in the Fenagh Parish.

    I believe this John is my GGG-grandfather Hugh Green’s uncle. Hugh was born 1820 in Ireland, and died in 1893 in Lowell. Hugh bought a large portion of property from this Gentleman John Green just prior to John’s death in 1866. I have the sale record that I got from another cousin who got it from the city archives. I believe Hugh was John’s nephew, and that Hugh’s father was another Hugh Green(an). My Green family lived on this property at Lakeview and owned a large portion of land in the area in the late 1800s.

    I came across your article and can’t tell you how much this is appreciated to see a relative’s memory kept alive through storytelling such at this. If you know of any living descendants of John, could you please email me at rgreen50 @ aol .com . Looking to connect and share some of my findings and further research.

    Thank you,