Thursday, August 18, 2016

An Acre Memory- A Summer Story



"Little Rascals" Google image.
The dog is man’s best friend.  Well that’s what we’ve been told.  Scruffy.  Rover. Lassie. Rin Tin Tin.  Snoopy.  When you hear names like that you think of sweet little puppies and doggie heroes.  To some when they hear the bark of a dog it’s like hearing a voice say, “Hey I’m over here.   Let’s play fetch.”  A wagging tale means, “Gee, I like you.”  To me a barking dog has the same effect as the open jaws of a great white, or the tell-tale rattle of a rattle snake.  Why you ask?  Well, let me tell you.

Mike’s Field was the place to play when I was little.  It was the only piece of grassland in my neighborhood of close 3 story tenements.  It had tall grass and the only trees that you could climb in.  In order to get to Mike’s you had to walk up Broadway Street.  It wasn’t far, but you had to pass the Goons house.  I don’t know if anyone knew their real name so we just called them the Goon family.  There were  2 boys who were in their 20s and just sat on their porch with their old haggard mother.  If they were on the porch, you ran by their house.  And if they weren’t, you looked in the windows often to see one of them looking back at you.  Like an added incentive to get past the house as quick as you could there was a dog.  Not some sweet little pup.  Not a fancy looking poodle or a friendly retriever.  No the Goons owned the biggest, meanest, most ornery German shepherd you ever met.  Its fur was the color of coal.  Its paws were big enough to make indents in the ground where it stalked.  If you looked in its eyes you became hypnotized like a cobra does with its prey.  The one thing that separated us from the Goon dog was a six foot fence that surrounded their property.  There was no way for the Goon dog to get out.  Or so I thought.

It was July.  The locusts were making that sound they make when it gets hot.  The sun was high in the sky.  We were all playing army.  There was Ricky, Johnny, Harold, Ricky’s brother Ronny and FraFra.  FraFra was crazy and would eat anything.  He once swallowed a quarter and would proudly show it off after it made its way out.  Later that summer he ate a live hornet.  That’s another story.

As soldiers we were planning our attack on the enemy.  We were leading a charge to bomb their headquarters.  Between the yells of the attacking forces there was another sound.  It was deeper than the rest.  The others heard it too.  Time stopped.  Without turning around I knew it was behind me- the Goon Dog.  My friends saw him before I did.  I saw fear in their faces.  RUN  someone commanded.  Fear took hold of my feet I couldn’t go anywhere.  I felt his breath before I felt the pain.  Goon Dog had me on the ground and stood over me.  He outweighed me and I lay there like a opossum.  The growl came from deep with him.  His teeth were bared and drool dangled from his mouth.  

The next thing I remembered was the sound of the locusts and staring into the sun.  I was still there lying on my back.  My friends had deserted me.  I looked around and Goon Dog was gone.  I looked to my left and there was one of the Goon Boys standing by the 6 foot fence.  All I could see was his outline with his hands leaning on the fence but I knew he was looking at me.

Did he unleash the dog on us?  Or had he saved me from the beast.  I’d never know.  But when I hear a barking dog once again I’m a little kid in Mike’s Field with  the hot breath of killer beast breathing down my neck.

Friday, August 5, 2016

Joseph Smith's call to the Irish of Lowell, 1916


Smith's grave at the Lowell Cemetery
“God save Ireland,” he shouted out to the crowd.  “Repeat it!”  And they did.  Every seat on the floor and in the gallery of Jackson Hall was filled to capacity.  The crowds even poured out into the streets.  The one who had stood up and shouted out to the crowd causing them to stand in unison was Lowell’s own Joseph Smith.  Former Congressman O’Connell and Lowell’s Mayor O’Donnell had just concluded a night of speeches and resolutions calling on Lowell’s Irish-American population to come to Ireland’s defense and aid once the execution of the “rebels” of 1916 had begun.

Lowell, like much of the rest of the world, did not immediately side with what would be called the Easter Rising of 1916.  But once the executions began the tide turned.  In Lowell mass Indignation Meetings took place beginning in May of 1916.  Groups such as Lowell’s branch of the Clan na Gael and the newly formed Padraic H. Pearse branch of the Friends of Irish Freedom held regular meetings to call on the British government to cease the executions and to raise funds to support the people of Dublin who lost homes and livelihoods due to the bombing of the city. 

 Joseph Smith was already in his 60s when his passion for his native Ireland brought him into the limelight of the world.  Born in Dublin he came to America as a young man and immediately enlisted into the U. S. Army.  He ended up fighting in the Mexican War, followed by extensive travels in Arizona, New Mexico, and throughout South America.  He spent time working at various jobs including the Merrimack Print Works and J C Ayer. He became interested in city politics beginning with the election of William F Courtney as mayor in 1895.  Writing was the man’s true vocation and at this time he took it up as his occupation.  He wrote articles for many Lowell papers magazines including Life, and was known for his sarcasm and quick wit.   Though a Protestant, he came to the immediate defense of the Church when confronted by anti-Catholic writing.

Many groups across the country began collecting funds when they heard of women and children begging for food and fire wood in Dublin.  In Lowell, Smith even organized a “tag day” where the ladies Auxiliary of the Ancient Order of Hibernians solicited funds from downtown shoppers. Smith made many passionate speeches on behalf of his native Ireland and spoke words such as. “The men who fought and failed in Dublin have passed beyond the stage of criticism; they are now among the immortals; stars in the firmament of freedom, and their names will be the rallying cries of the lovers of liberty as long as the grass grows and water runs.  The epithets and slanders hurled at the men who loved liberty better than life are as harmless and useless as the barking of dogs that bay at the moon; the dead of Dublin have nothing to gain from the verdicts of time and posterity; it is the living of Ireland and America who must keep watch and ward and to have and to hold what we posses of liberty against the English plotter.”   One can imagine the white-haired man with the large mustache standing before the crowds rousing everyone with his words.  Each speech he gave is filled with the language of a poet.  A writer of verse he also wrote,

“There is blood on the stones of Dublin,
There are dead in her ancient streets;
That stare with blind eyes at the ancient skies;
And are deaf to the war drums’ beats.”

As one of the national directors of the Friends of Irish freedom he and Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Hughes  Kelly of New York were elected to bring $50,000 collected by the organization and churches.  The money was to be given to the Cardinal of Dublin to see that it was used for aid.  When their ship arrived in Liverpool, England the group was detained and then refused admittance.  For days the newspaper kept the story going.  Calls were made to the British embassy and to President Wilson demanding a reason why they were not allowed to continue their journey.  The British government’s response was that Americans were free to enter, but a “member” of this group seemed “hostile” and thus they were barred.

Upon his return to the States, Smith attained near celebrity status, even touring with Nora Connolly, the martyred James Connolly’s daughter.  In no way did this deter him from his goal.  When he returned to Lowell, he continued his speech-making and had the OMI Cadets give out pledge cards asking those in attendance to keep up pressure on the British for a free Ireland.

He soon left Lowell to write for Boston papers and often wrote for Boston’s catholic newspaper, the Pilot where he became friends with John Boyle O’Reilly.  Mayor James Michael Curly of Boston hired him to be his “publicity agent,” where he used his writing skills to great advantage.

He and his wife made their home on Beacon Street in Boston where he remained until his death in 1929.  His funeral in Boston was attended by many from politics and the newspapers.  His wish was to be buried in the Lowell Cemetery alongside his wife and young daughter.   Though he had been gone many years the chapel was filled with old acquaintances as the priest from St. Ann’s conducted the committal prayers. A moving inscription in part reads, “The day of death is done.  They have gone out beyond the stars… where their souls are united.  Where peace and happiness are eternal and the everlasting God abides.”   Upon the reading of his will, large donations were made to Lowell General Hospital and Boston College. 

In one of his speeches he wrote, “As God lives, these men shall live to inspire generations yet unborn, to dwell in the hearts of men, and the songs of singers for the blood of the martyrs is the seed of liberty.”

Tuesday, July 12, 2016

An Acre Memory - Summertime

Me in my
Rifleman t-shirt
I never got to operate a lawn mower until I was in my 30s.  Growing up on the corner of Broadway and Walker didn’t give much opportunity to do so.  What we did have was the blacktop in back of the blocks that ran along Broadway Street.  In-between the blocks were alleys that were inches thick with pigeon dropping.  At dawn and evening, the dozens of pigeons that made the roof their homes would serenade the inhabitants of the blocks with their cooing.  Sometimes young fledglings would fall from the roofs, and my humane father would take them into our cellar where he would hand feed them and then bring them outside to exercise until they would take wing on their own.  A summer ritual was the annual scraping of the dung in the alleyway with massive quantities of creosote.  I later found that this substance was regarded as highly toxic and potentially carcinogenic, but my parents thought cleaning the alley a neighborly duty.   The smell of the chemicals would permeate the backyard for days.  My mother explained it away by saying it was better than pigeon smell.
There were no air conditioners or even a fan.  Lying on the cool linoleum might alleviate some of the heat.  Opening and closing the screen door let in hordes of flies.  We often left doors open overnight, never fearing anyone would walk in.  The flyswatter was ever at the ready and if that didn’t work there was fly paper.  My mother would keep one above the kitchen table and more than once a wing or a leg would be pulled off some poor insect and land on a supper plate.
There was little you could do to alleviate the heat of the summer especially when it radiated off of the blacktop.  One refuge was Mike’s Field in back of the Lovejoy estate—today, the parking lot for UMass on the corner of Wilder and Broadway.  The estate had been in disrepair decades before I was brave enough to make my way up there.  Everyone knew a madman lived in the basement (or was it the attic?) and if you got close enough he’d use a hatchet on you.  By the time I was old enough (or brave enough) to get close to the building there was just enough glass left in the windows to make a crash and then run away.  There were a few apple trees that had gone rogue on the property and if it was warm enough, we’d climb up and pick a few, always wary of potential worms.  Mike’s Field was a 10 year-old’s dream.  I have no idea who Mike was or what the land was used for, but it was dotted with massive trenches dug out by man or machine that had to be 6 to 8 feet deep.  It was the 60s and playing War was how we spent most of our days.  Combat and Twelve O’clock High were necessary TV viewing for many families.  The trenches of Mike’s Field were our foxholes.  We’d fill penny candy bags with dirt and hurl them as sort of grenades into the other holes where the enemy was hiding.  If you did it correctly, the bag would open over the heads of the enemy and cover them in dirt.  Though it would be terribly politically incorrect today, we were all armed with plastic helmets and very life-like rifles.  Our fathers had served in WWII and the Cold War was on.  We knew what those yellow CD signs on buildings meant.  We heard the sirens every Friday that were tested in case the Russians attacked.  Mike’s Field was our battleground and we were there to defend it.
When we got bored with war, we might walk down Walker Street and make our way to Gage’s Ice
Google Maps. corner of Broadway & Walker Streets
House.  If we were fortunate enough to go to the beach, my Dad would come down to Gage’s to buy a cube of ice, and I mean A cube.  You’d put your money in the slot and one huge block of ice would slide down a chute.  You’d then have to take it home to break up with an ice pick to put in the heavy metal CocaCola cooler.  On super hot days we’d check out Gage’s and see if any ice chips had fallen onto the straw where the giant cubes would land at the end of the chute.  Odd how we never got sick from any of this.
If we were really lucky, we’d go to Burbeck’s Ice Cream on Pawtucket Street.  This was really rare.  This is also where my friend Ricky taught me a trick.  You’d order an ice cream cone, eat half, drop it on the ground, and they’d give you a new one.  He used that ploy several times.  The first time I tried it, the teenage clerk just walked away.  I guess I didn’t look sad enough. 
There was one thing to which we were all sworn to.  My mother made me swear on a stack of Bibles, a real stack, and that God would personally punish me if I broke the promise- that I was to never go to the river or in the canal.  She had good reason to.  Those who lived by the canals in Lowell knew that each summer a number of daredevils would jump in the canal and be dragged under.  Each time it happened she made me read the article.  I do recall watching the police, or firemen, along the Pawtucket Canal dragging a large rope, which we volunteered to help.  I was later told that at the end of the rope was a grappling hook looking for a body.  That wasn’t the only occasion.  Once my cousin Armand brought me to see a similar scene along the Merrimack canal, and yet another was when we ran out of a friend’s birthday party after the news had spread someone drowned at Francis Folley on the Pawtucket.  We were sure to return in time for cake.  These events must have made their mark, as to this day I still do not know how to swim.
Since we lived on the corner of Broadway and Walker it was a great place to set up a lemonade stand.  The city bus would disembark people on the corner, and they’d get off the bus all hot and sweaty from the ride and the long day’s work.  Sales were slow until Ricky’s brother started crying that he wanted some lemonade, but had no money.  A kind bus rider pinched his cute little face and gave the nickel for the lemonade.  Hmmm, if it worked once…..   From then on each time the bus pulled up Ricky’s brother would turn on the tears and out would come the nickels.  We must have made a fortune, or at least enough for a Mr. Softee.  We knew a good thing when we saw it and set up the stand the next day.  The same riders disembarked, but once our ploy was recognized we were put out of business.
After much pleading, we might get a nickel and go to Dostaler’s Market on the corner.  The penny candy display had all the good stuff: squirrel nuts, peach stones, mint juleps, sugar straws, flying saucers (that served as hosts when playing Mass), and black licorice records with the red dot in the middle.  Another favorite was a candy necklace that you could bite of a piece as the day wore on.  Wearing the necklace then eating it after a game of tag or Red Rover often gave the candy a sweaty flavor, but it didn’t faze us.  On those super hot days, the only thing to work was a cool orange Popsicle.  Grape and cherry were good, but orange had a greater cooling effect.  There would be 2 sticks so you could break it in two and share with a friend.  Then you’d stick your tongue out to be sure it was orange.  That was part of summer too- sharing with friends.
My fondest memory of summer was Thursday night after food shopping at the Giant Store, my dad and I would go down to the river to fish.  We’d dig up worms along the riverbed and stick them on a hook.  I only had a drop line, but it worked just fine.  The only thing I remember catching was hornpout, black catfish.  Those whiskers could really inflict damage so my dad would take the hook out.  He got stuck more than once and let out a string of curses each time.  We didn’t talk much.  That was his way, but we’d sit along the river wall tugging at the drop line.  We’d watch the orange sun set along the curve of the river.  He had fished that same spot in the river when he was my age.  As the last rays of light departed we’d gather our gear and turn up Walker Street to home.

Thursday, June 30, 2016

A Date to Remember- July 3, 1831


St. Patrick Church, 1831 in Irish Catholic Genesis of Lowell

From Bishop Fenwick’s Diary: The Bishop this day performs the ceremony of dedication of the catholic Church in Lowell, under the auspices of St Patrick.  The Very Rev Dr O'Flaherty preaches on the occasion & the Rev Mr Mahoney celebrates Mass.  An immense concourse of people attend of all denominations, as also many Catholics from Boston.  The large open space around the Church is literally covered by those unable to obtain place in the Church.  The Choir is conducted by singers chiefly from Boston who volunteered on the occasion.  In the afternoon the Bishop administers the holy sacrament of Confirmation to thirty nine persons.  The weather is excessively hot.  The Church at Lowell is 70 feet by 40 & is neatly finished in the Gothick style.  

July 3rd, 1831.  The dedication of Lowell’s first Catholic church (only the third in all of New England) received but a single sentence in the Lowell Mercury.  More space was given to elections in Kentucky or rowdiness of certain boys in the city.  Other cites’ newspapers gave more space to the event than did the Mercury.  

The day was exceptionally warm.  Dr. O'Flaherty who gave the sermon was the preeminent Catholic speaker of his day.  The Catholic Miscellany (the forerunner of The Pilot) stated that the Catholic population was about a thousand people in 1831, and 2 to 3 thousand showed up for the dedication.  The church was likely constructed by the Irish workers who made up the Paddy Camps.  It was made of wood with a stone basement.  The top of the steeple was surmounted by a gold orb and cross.  (The top of the cross is among the prized artifacts in the parish archives.)  Surely the steeple was one of the tallest buildings in the town of Lowell and made a bold statement to the Yankee population.  

In the afternoon the bishop confirmed 39 candidates.  It was a busy day for the Bishop with Benediction and Vespers rounding out the day.  The Miscellany concluded by saying, "May Lowell enroll it among the happiest days of her history."

Interestingly, just weeks before the Mercury gave detailed accounts over several days of the troubles in the Acre while the church was being constructed.  In May of 1831, several groups of trouble makers (some say unemployed men, others say out-of-towners) made threats upon the Paddy Camps with threats of burning down the church which was under construction.  

Father Mahoney of St Mary’s church in Salem MA had been assigned as the visiting priest prior to the church being built. Poor Mahoney had a wide circuit, probably on horseback, of riding through different towns during the week to celebrate Mass.  Bishop Fenwick made him pastor in Lowell to the disappointment of those in Salem.

When the church was opened in July of 1831 it was already too small for the growing congregation.  People traveled as far as Nashua and Groton to attend Mass.  If Mahoney knew what was in his future he may have told the Bishop no thanks.  Within a short time, trouble within the Irish community brewed to the point of in-fighting between those who came from different counties in Ireland, problems with his new curate, and problems with fundraising for extensions and paying workers.

It’s good for us who claim Irish roots to remember this date and to remember those who went through trials and tribulations so that we can be here today.  For 185 years St. Patrick’s has been a landmark in the Acre continuing the mission of those who started our story.  May they be remembered.



Saturday, June 18, 2016

Cemetery Inscription Update - New Data Added

Many people who go to St. Pa't Cemetery are disappointed to find that record keeping doesn't start until 1895.  Sure there are city vital records and other sources that can be checked, but basically looking for early or mid-nineteenth century information on Lowell Irish it's scattered at best.

All the way to 1995 a project began in the cemetery to help close the gap.  A team of volunteers began uncovering dozens and dozens of slate stones that had lain buried for generations.  Those stones are inscribed with the names of the early pioneer Irish who came to Lowell.  They often include dates of birth and death, county of origin, sometimes causes of death and if you're lucky epitaphs left by family members.  From a genealogist point of view, the stones can be a gold mine.

As the project has evolved the stones have been uncovered, data collected, the stones cleaned and photographed.  We've been releasing data as we have recorded it, and I can now say we are done.  The inscription list on our website is the final work done on this project.  We just added dozens of more family names.  There are now almost 1300 names dating from the 1830s-1860s.  If you see that a stones has a photo, I'd be glad to send it to you.  Right now we don't have the storage to put all the jepgs on the site.

To access the information go to LowellIrish.com.  The far right hand tab says more and look under Inscription Yards 1, 2, & 3.  I hope this work benefits researchers now and in the future.

Saturday, May 28, 2016

Memorial Day: Not All Came Home

30th Mass Flag, courtesy 30thMass.blogspot
Patrick Tighe, Private, Co. F, 30th Mass Volunteer Infantry
           by Walter Hickey

            This letter was located in a pension application filed under the name of Patrick Tighe. The 'usual' content of such a file consists of statements of the soldier's wounds accompanied by witness depositions and surgeon's certificates supporting the degree of disability incurred.  It is a rare occurrence to have a letter written to the family included among those papers, but it is exactly such a letter which provides a first person, eyewitness account of the Civil War from the viewpoint of the individual soldier and his concerns for his family back home.

Note: Some punctuation has been added

                                                                                    Baton  Rouge, Louisiana
                                                                                                August 14th, 1862
Dear Sister,
                        I received your letter and was much vexed to hear of Mothers death, hoping she is better off.  I am sorry I was not at home to see her.  We have been here about 4 months.  It is a nice place.  We went to Vixburg, and had to lay in a Swampy place.  The Regiment was nearly destroyed – all sick with fever & ague.  A great many died, but they are getting better now.  I was nearly dead Myself, but am well now.  We had a awful battle on the 5th of August the Rebels attacked us at 5 o'clock in the Morning.  We fought them until they ran away.  We killed and wounded 1500 men.  Our loss was 250 men, Officers and all.  We are going to fight tomorrow again as they have 20,000 men.  We have only 8000 but have more Artillery than them.  The sick and wounded was sent to New Orleans.  Little John Scully is dead from Swamp Fever, and Jimmy O'Neil from Consumption.  Peter Kerrigan, John Tully, and a lot of Lowells was sick in the hospital before the fight and sent to
 N. Orleans.  We have not been paid yet owing to the fighting and sickness.  There is 78 dollars due on the first Sept. & when I get my my [sic] pay I will send it to you.  Mind and take case of Maggy My little sister, above all things.  Give my kind regards & love to Ann & Bridgett.  If I live, I will send you all my pay dirtly [directly] I get it so that you may be comfortable.  Mind and take care of yourselves and when you get my money make yourselves comfortable.  Mind take care.  Maggy, I think we shall soon be back.

                        I am My dear Sisters –
                        Ann, Bridgett & Maggy
                        Your Aff't. Brother
                        Patrick Tigh

            Lord Have Mercy on My Mothers Soul

Postcript
Eighteen men from Lowell died in service with Co. F in 1862 & 1863
All but one died from disease.
John A. Burns, Corp., 20; 12-5-1862 @ New Orleans, LA
John Cody, Pvt., 24; 9-19-1862 @ Carrollton, LA
Dennis Crowley, Pvt. 42; 11-8-1862 @ New Orleans, LA
Timothy A. Crowley, Capt., 30; 10-5-1862 @ New Orleans, LA
John Dolahory, Pvt; 11-7-1862; @ New Orleans, LA
Bernard Heslan, Pvt; 21; 7-28-1862 @ New Orleans
Jeremiah McCarthy, Pvt.; 18; 10-7-1862 @ New Orleans
Hugh McGuire, Pvt; 30; 9-1-1862 @ New Orleans, LA
James Moran, Pvt; 39; 10-23-1862 @ New Orleans
John Moran, Pvt; 21; 11-26-1863 @ Baton Rouge, LA
James Murtagh, Pvt; 34; 12-22-1862 @ New Orleans, LA
Andrew Oates, Pvt; 19; 3-5-1863  New Orleans
Dennis O'Neil; Pvt; 34; 7-15-1862 @ Baton Rouge, LA*
John Scully, Pvt; 38; 7-29-1862 @ Baton Rouge, LA
Charles Shannon, Pvt; 28; Killed 10-19-1864 @Cedar Creek, VA
James Shaughnessey, Pvt; 35; 9-13-1862 @ Carrollton, LA
Patrick Tighe, Pvt; 18; 7-21-1863 @ Baton Rouge, LA
James Young, Pvt; 38; 11-2-1862 @Carrollton, LA

*  Tighe's letter mentions “Jimmy” O'Neil as having died of consumption, but only Dennis is listed in Mass. Soldiers, Sailors, & Marines of the Civil War, Vol. III

Sunday, May 15, 2016

It's a Beautiful day in the Neighbourhood (not!)

It's a Beautiful day in the Neighbourhood (not!)
With apology to Mr. Rogers

(An entry from Walter Hickey)

Nineteenth century Lowell newspapers are a wonderful, oft under-used course of Life in Lowell.  Most news items are exceedingly brief, yielding few details.  This is especially true of the daily reportage of the criminal sessions of the Lowell Police Court.  Often even these little tidbits are not only informative but also quite humorous due to the creative expressions of the reporter/editor/publisher.  Occasionally, an event is reported which could not be summarized in one or two lines, and a column entry results.

Today's find is one such.
Daily Evening Advertiser, 12 March 1856

CITY ITEMS
Police Court
                                                                                      Wednesday, March 12
            Yesterday, about 6 o'clock, p.m., the police were called to quiet a body of people on Salem street, who were enjoying themselves by bruising each others' countenances.    Quite a number of the participants were arrested and brought into Court this morning, and their cases disposed of in the following order:
            Timothy Shay, the bully of the crowd who sported a most beautiful black eye, was “tight” on the occasion, for which he was fined $3 and costs.  On a complaint of assault upon Michael Sullivan and wife, he was found guilty, and bound over in the sum of $200 for his appearance before the C.C.P. in June.  He was also arraigned on a charge of assaulting one Dennis Haggerty; bound over in $100 to appear as above.

            A complaint against John Sullivan, for drunkeness, was read, but it appeared that the name  of the person arrested was Daniel Shay, so the complaint was quashed.

            John Sullivan, on a charge of resisting the police officers in the discharge of their duties was fined $3.

            Daniel Shay was in the row yesterday morning and was charged with drunkeness, for which offense he was sentenced to pay a fine of $2 and costs.

            Patrick and John Ryan, and Richard Sparks, charged with an assault upon Deputy Sheriff Folsom, were ordered to recognize severally in $200 for their appearance to-morrow, at 10 o'clock.  They procured the required bonds. [see below]

(next case)
Michael Lyons was put on trial for the larceny of a note of $30, the property of Margaret Carney.  It appeared from the evidence that Lyons called upon the woman (Carney) to pay $10 on the note, which amount was then due, and took the same to endorse the amount paid.  But instead of doing this, he pockets both note and money and leaves the premises.  He was ordered to give sureties in the sum of $200 for his appearance on Saturday next at 10 o'clock.

(next case)
John H. Shedd, who has served an apprenticeship to the State in Charleston (State Prison) was arraigned on a charge of breaking and entering a saloon on Merrimack st, and bound over to the C.C.P. in Concord in June next.

SYMPTONS OF A ROW  A row and the consequence attending it.

Deputy Sheriff Folsom served a writ upon Patrick Ryan, and attached his goods in his store on Suffolk street.  Ryan did not like the idea of losing his foothold, and with the assistance of some of his friends succeeded in routing the Sheriff and his assistants.  Folsom dispatched a messenger for a posse of police, who arrived in due time, and restored quiet. 
            After the police had left the scene of action, the row commenced in good earnest, and a second messenger was dispatched to the police office for means of preventing a riot, which was very apparent.  Officers Rand, Fuller, Crowley and Plaisted were sent, and succeeded in arresting three of the parties, Patrick Ryan, John Ryan, and Richard Sparks. 

The examination of the parties will take place tomorrow.

[And thus endeth a not-so-quiet day in the neighbourhood]


Note: C.C.P. = Court of Common Pleas (today's superior Court)

Tuesday, March 29, 2016

Easter Rising - Join us this Saturday to remember this event in Irish history

British soldiers with the captured Republic flag - 1916
The plan was to go into effect on Easter Monday of 1916.  It was doomed to failure from its inception.  Poor communication, leadership, financial and munition support made the plan doubtful at best.  The one hope some of the groups had was aid from Germany.  Other groups questioned using German support while the war was ongoing.  With the capture of a cache of arms by the British that was meant to support the Irish cause, some began backing away from Monday's plan.  There were even ads put in newspapers saying all was called off.  Some ignored the notices while others never got to see them.

The initial plan was to take several key positions throughout the country, especially in Dublin.  With it being the holiday, many British troops had gone off to see the races.  A group of patriots walked into the General Post Office in Dublin Center and took control of it in the name of the new Republic.  Some patrons thought it was a joke, but soon found otherwise.  At noon Patrick Pearse stepped out of the GPO and read aloud the Proclamation declaring Ireland a new republic.  For the next week Dublin center became the target of bomb shelling and death for soldier and civilian alike.  Newspapers across the globe cast their light on what was happening in Dublin.  At first opinion sided with the British.  Once the patriots surrendered and the executions by the British began, public opinion swayed.  Even the citizens of Lowell kept a close eye as events unfolded.

We ask you to join us this Saturday, April 2 at 2 pm at the Old Court (upstairs) for a viewing of historic photographs from the Rising, a short film of the week's events, and a brief talk by Victoria Denoon of UMass Lowell's Irish Partnership.  The event should last about 90 minutes and is free and open to the public. If you choose you can pick up lunch downstairs before or after the event.  Feel free to bring a beverage from downstairs to the talk..  

Sunday, March 20, 2016

Easter Rising 2016 – Roots of Rebellion

“Faithful to Erin, We Answer Her Call” – August 4, 1914 – On that day, Great Britain entered into war with Germany.  Over the next two years the war dragged on with the death toll and numbers of wounded mounting ever faster.  All able-bodied male citizens were being encouraged to do their part and join in the cause.  Initially, like their British counterparts, the Irish enlisted.  Eventually 30,000 would enlist.  Protestant and Catholic alike served together for King and Crown.  To encourage the Irish to join in the war, posters spread across the country proclaiming, “Have you any womenfolk worth defending.”  And, “I’ll go too, the real Irish spirit.”  To hit home another read, “Daddy, what did you do in the war?”

Underlying all of this nationalism was another group.  One that had been promised Home Rule for Ireland, but had not seen it fulfilled.  They saw the ongoing battles in Europe as an opportunity to strike while the iron was hot.  This was the perfect time to take advantage of Britain’s stretched military resources and declare Ireland’s independence.  There was hope that Germany would even supply the Irish with munitions and the plans for a rebellion were drawn up.  (Our next installment will bring us up to the events of April 1916.)


Saturday, April 2, 2016 at the Old Court Central St, Lowell, MA.  2 – 3:30 pm – A display of historic photos detailing the history of the Easter Rising will be shown along with a brief video of the people and events of the Rising.  Victoria Denoon of UMass Lowell’s Irish Partnership will lead a discussion.  You’re invited to grab a lunch or drink from the pub for the event. Please join us in remembering this important period in Irish history.  (Sponsored by Irish Cultural Comm. of St. Patrick Parish, UMass Lowell Irish Partnership, Ladies Ancient Order of Hibernians, and Ancient Order of Hibernians Div. 19). 

Wednesday, March 2, 2016

Celebrating the Saint's Day

St Patrick Church, 1880s

So begins the opening line of the first recorded celebration of St Patrick’s Day in Lowell.  The Lowell Mercury of 1833 gives us a picture into the past.  They were all there at the Mansion House.  Mr. Blanchard, the owner of the establishment, served a fine supper.  He was known for his oysters and setting a fine table.  They were a close-knit group, a tight band of “native sons” who were making new lives for themselves.  Of course there was Hugh and Eugene Cummiskey.  Hugh’s close friend and business partner, Samuel Murray, was also there.  At the head table would be Charles Short.  He seemed to be involved in everything in the Paddy Camps, land dealings, business arrangements, and even causing the Bishop some grief with choosing a new Pastor.  But that won’t be for a few months.  The Campbells came in, one a tailor and the other a laborer for the Corporation.  They were among the growing number of businesses in the Acre.  Most of the crowd, being solely men, made their way over from Lowell (Market) Street and Fenwick Street.  Most were part of Lowell’s growing Irish middle class.  There were teamsters, carpenters, real estate agents, stable owners.  They were here to show their fellow Irish countrymen that America had much to offer.
Lowell Directory, 1833

After the table cloth was removed the musicians, and they were a fine group by all accounts, started up their tunes.  Of course the first was St. Patrick’s Day.  They slapped their hands on the tables and prepared the first round of toasts.  “The day we celebrate- may its memory be celebrated in the breast of every Irishman.”  The glasses were lifted, another jig was played and the sentiments continued.  They remembered their homeland and those left behind.  They remembered their heroes and cursed their oppressors.  They lifted their glasses to O’Connell and the Irish harp.  Over and over again they remembered their new home: President Jackson, Democracy, the Constitution, the Merrimac River and to the owners of the loom.  They sang Adeste Fideles when they recalled Bishop Fenwick and sang Yankee Doodle.  Music and poetry filled the room.  As the night drew late someone reminded the crowd that it was a Saturday and the next day was Mass.  And so some made their way to their hacks and others bundled up and walked out into the March night to return to their homes. 
In the words of James Campbell, “May the Sons of Old Hibernia celebrate the festival of their Patron Saint, with mirth, cheerfulness and convivia